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Pygmy Marmoset


Pygmy Marmoset

The Pygmy Marmoset (Cebuella pygmaea), also known as Dwarf Monkey is a monkey native to the rainforest canopies of western Brazil, southeastern Colombia, eastern Ecuador, and eastern Peru. It is one of the smallest primates, and the smallest true monkey, with its body length ranging from 14-to-16-centimetre (5.5 to 6.3 in) (excluding the 15-to-20-centimetre (5.9 to 7.9 in) tail). Males weigh around 140 grams (4.9 oz), and females only 120 grams (4.2 oz).

Despite its name, the Pygmy Marmoset is somewhat different from the typical marmosets, most of which are classified in the genera Callithrix and Mico; as such, it is accorded its own genus, Cebuella.

Nicknames for this monkey often refer to its diminutiveness, as in the following two examples: mono de bolsillo (“pocket monkey”) and leoncito (“little lion”).

The Pygmy Marmoset has a tawny coat, and a ringed tail that can be as long as its body. In common with other callitrichids, it has claws instead of nails on all its digits except the big toe. It is omnivorous, feeding on fruit, leaves, insects, and sometimes even small reptiles. Its small weight allows it to reach the very highest leaves of a tree, and to exploit the otherwise little-used food sources there. Much of its diet, however, comes from tapping trees for sap. Up to two-thirds of its time is spent gouging tree bark to reach the gummy sap. The Pygmy Marmoset has specialized incisors for gouging holes in bark. Because of its small size, and its swift movements, it is very hard to observe in the wild.

The Pygmy Marmoset is a monkey found in Western Brazil, Eastern Peru and Ecuador and South-Eastern Colombia. It is the smallest monkey having a body length of 14-16 cm excluding the tail. It feeds on fruits, leaves, insects and small reptiles.

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